ref:topbtw-3072.html/ 28 Agosto 2021/A
Erdogan: ma quando verrà mandato in pensione ?
American Parts on Turkish Bayraktar Drones:
U.S. Congressmen Urge Biden Administration to Examine the Evidence.
Il giochino del giovane Erdogan ?
Il drone per papà..
Il modello Bayraktar TB2 è realizzato da tempo in Turchia e venduto pure all'estero.
Ultimamente la Tunisia ne ha comprati tre alla modica cifra di 80 milioni di dollari..
Niente male per tre giocattoloni radiocomandati..
Il bello è che, assai probabilmente, il costo vero era di "soli" 20 milioni a drone più qualche ricambio.
Più, come pare sia una consolidata abitudine, una robusta provvigione agli intermediari.
Di solito il 10% accreditato su qualche conticino a Dubai..
Ma ora anche negli Stati Uniti qualche parlamentare si è svegliato e, con papà Erdogan che compra
i missili russi mentre figura ancora nella NATO giusto per sbaglio, ecco che realizzare il giochino di
papà Erdogan sarà più difficile.
Ed allora, quale sarà il prossimo giocattolo ( milionario ) del giovane Erdogan ?
Anche perché a molte aziende statunitensi ed europee potrebbe arrivare qualche brutta
notizia dal dipartimento di Stato USA.
American Parts on Turkish Bayraktar Drones:
U.S. Congressmen Urge Biden Administration to Examine the Evidence.
Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones, a main factor in Azerbaijan's victory in last year's Artsakh war,
mainly use components manufactured outside Turkey, including many American parts.
According to Hetq, at least six key parts manufactured by American companies are used on Turkish UAVs.
Hetq has previously written about the Canadian, Austrian, British, French and German parts used on the Bayraktar TB2.
The Turkish drones use a Canadian-made surveillance and targeting system (supplied by L3Harris WESCAM), as well
as a radio transmitter and amplifier (Microhard Systems Inc.).
The Austrian company BRP-Rotax is the manufacturer of this Turkish drone engine, and the British company
Andair has delivered fuel pumps.
Another British company, EDO MBM Technology Limited, has supplied bomb rack units for Turkish drones
with high-precision bombs.
Note that EDO MBM Technology, owned by EDO (UK) Limited, is owned by L3Harris Technologies of the United States,
which is also the parent company of L3Harris WESCAM of Canada.
French BERINGER AERO supplies drone brake fluid canisters (tanks) to Turkey, and ASB sells thermal
batteries used drone-launched MAM-L and MAM-S high-precision bombs.
The Turkish drone uses a German radar altimeter (manufacturer: s.m.s., smart microwave sensors) and a fuel filter (Hengst)
Legally registered in Switzerland, but with American roots, Garmin is the manufacturer of the GNC 255 navigation
radio (Nav/Comm) used on the Bayraktar TB2.
Such radios not only provide communication, for example, between the aircraft crew and ground services,
but also help to pinpoint the aircraft.
Pilot David Sargsyan notes that during combat operations, the signal from the GPS satellite system
can be muted by the enemy, and in this case the coordinates of the drone are determined
by the inertial navigation system (INS), which does not depend on radio signals.
On the other hand, the inertial system can receive data updates during the flight of the UAV via the navigation
radio, then compare them with the data received from the GPS and average out the coordinates.
As for Trimble, on November 4, 2020, the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) announced that
the American company had responded to the wave of complaints and confirmed in writing (Senior VP) that it had
suspended further sales to Turkish Baykar, the manufacturer of the Bayraktar TB2.
On November 3, U.S. Congressman Devin Nunes (R-CA) called for an immediate halt to all U.S. sales and
transfers of drone parts to Turkey.
"[Azerbaijan's] offensive is being fanatically encouraged by Turkey, so the U.S. needs to make it clear to Erdogan
that U.S. military technology cannot be used to press this aggressive war against Armenians."
Shortly afterwards, Nunes called on the Trump administration to block any new, pending, or in-process requests for
U.S. military or dual-use sales or transfers to Turkey or to any other country that may make third-party transfers
of such equipment or technology to the government of Azerbaijan.
"As you may be aware, there is credible evidence, collected on the battlefield, indicating the
presence of U.S. manufactured parts in Turkish Bayraktar drones that have been deployed by Azerbaijan against
Armenians in Nagorno Karabakh.
These reports should be thoroughly investigated as potential violations of U.S. Arms Export Control laws and other
Nunes also called on the Trump administration to immediately suspend all U.S. military and security
aid to Baku unit it ends its current offensive in Nagorno Karabakh and implements a durable ceasefire.
The Bayraktar TB2 also has an airborne modem/transceiver, manufactured by Viasat, to transfer airborne
high quality or standard quality videos for surveillance and reconnaissance tasks.
When word got out that Viasat components were used on Bayraktar TB2 drones, American-Armenians staged
a protest near the company's Carlsbad, California headquarters in late October 2020.
They drew attention to the fact that the company's products were being used during the Turkish-Azerbaijani military
aggression unleashed against Artsakh.
Viasat management told the protesters that it intended to cut off supplies to Turkey and would soon apply to US government
agencies to investigate how Turkey was using its technologies.
According to the activists, a Viasat representative expressed his condolences to the families
of all the victims and condemned the use of weapons against civilians and insisted that
the company was not aware that its products were being employed against civilians and bombing hospitals.
"I am grateful for this peaceful demonstration. I hope that your voices will be heard and this terrorism, this
genocide will stop.
God bless you, my heart, my prayers are with you," Viasat Government Systems President Ken Peterman told protest organizers.
An examination of a Turkish UAV downed over Artsakh on October 19, 2020 revealed that the MAM-L high-precision
bombs fired by the Turkish drone used FPGA chips (Zynq brand) produced by the American firm Xilnix.
FPGA chips process large amounts of information at high speed, by which they control the flight of a guided missile
or bomb, direct it to the target and track the latter.
In short, these chips are an important part of modern high-precision weaponry.
Due to the efforts of the Armenian diaspora, on November 10 Xilnix Spokesperson Tara Sims announced:
"We recently learned that Xilinx chips were used in armed drones deployed against Armenian civilians.
Xilinx strongly condemns this violence, and as a result, commenced an audit of our complex supply chain to identify any actions we could take to prevent our technology from being used to commit this violence.
After an investigation, we have instructed our authorized distributors to suspend the future supply of our products
to several companies we have identified as having a role in building this equipment."
(i.e., Roketsan bombs - Hetq).
On November 22, the Armenian National Committee of America announced that because of its advocacy campaign,
a number of US companies had announced that they were stopping, suspending, and/or investigating the sale
of their products, services, or technologies to Turkey and Azerbaijan after it was revealed that
their components were present in the weapons that Azerbaijan used to kill Armenians.
Among those companies, the ANCA named Garmin, Xilinx, Trimble, Viasat and BERINGER.
The latter is a French company with an American subsidiary that produces aircraft wheels and brakes.
The list of U.S. companies manufacturing component for the Bayraktar TB2 drones is a long one.
The drone uses a CI 120-1 navigation antenna manufactured by the American Comant Industries Inc.
This antenna is designed for the positioning and landing of aircraft.
The Bayraktar TB2 also uses American MilesTek 5-stub compact couplers manufactured by Infinite Electronics International, Inc.
In January 2021, U.S. Senator Robert Menendez (D-NJ), the incoming Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair,
questioned Secretary of State nominee Antony Blinken on U.S.-Turkey policy, and condemned Turkey's
role in Azerbaijan's brutal attack on Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh).
"Speaking for myself, I have no ideological problems with arms sales of the U.S. makers to other
countries abroad when those countries observe the human rights and international law that we-we aspire
to uphold globally," said Sen. Menendez.
"When they don't, then I had problems with it, and that's where a dialogue has to come to play with the State Department."
In July of this year, Representatives David Cicilline (D-RI) and Gus Bilirakis (R-FL) led a bi-partisan call
for the State Department to suspend export licenses for U.S. drone technology to Turkey, pending
an official investigation into the destabilizing role of Turkey's drone programs in the Caucasus,
South Asia, the Eastern Mediterranean, and around the globe.
The two cosigned a letter calling on Secretary of State Antony Blinken to issue a report on the broader
ramifications of Turkey's drone industry;
whether they include U.S. technologies that violate currently imposed sanctions; and whether Turkey's actions constitute yet another violation of NATO rules and bylaws.
In this regard, the congressmen stressed the purchase of Russian air defense systems by NATO member
Turkey and the discussions with Russia and Pakistan on the joint production of combat drones and anti-drone systems,
as well as Turkey's intention to establish a permanent UAV base in the occupied part of Cyprus.
The two U.S. Congressman wrote:
"The potential for these drones to further destabilize flashpoints in the Caucusus, South Asia, the Eastern Mediterranean,
the Middle East, and North Africa is too great to ignore.
"We also wish to note that battlefield evidence from Artsakh confirms that Turkey's Bayraktar drones
contain parts and technology from American firms and U.S.-based affiliates of foreign firms.
The continued transfer of such technology appears to violate arms export control laws and run afoul
to CAATSA sanctions that Congress has imposed on Turkey, especially its Savunma Sanayii Baskanligi (SSB)
(Turkey's Presidency of Defense Industries)."
25 U.S. representatives joined Cicilline and Bilirakis in calling for the State Department
to suspend export licenses for U.S. drone technology to Turkey pending an official investigation.
Summarizing the above, we can state that the products of American companies have played more than a
tangible role in the development of Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones used to such decisive effect in the 2020 war in Artsakh.
Only time will tell what steps, if any, the Biden administration will take against the Turkish
government, which is flexing its military might, including the use of UAVs, regionally
in a bid to expand its influence.
Although Turkey is a NATO member and an ally of Washington, the United States is clearly dissatisfied
with Ankara's recent military actions and military-political decisions.
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( GAGRULE )